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    The early period of nature study

    Nature study was the common name of the following sciences: zoology, botany, mineralogy, petrology and palaeontology in the 18th and 19th centuries, and it mostly consisted of collecting, systematising and expounding knowledge based on observations. As the expression ‘nature study’ became old-fashioned after the uprise of sciences based on experiments in the 20th century, the denomination ‘natural science’ replaced it. In this week’s virtual exhibition, we have chosen some quotations and illustrations from the natural study works of old times.

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    Are women who read dangerous?

    Of course not. But why is this idea interesting? According to reading sociological surveys, literature is read by women mostly, at least they say that when they are asked. The changes in reading habits has been a subject of arguments for a long time, especially about the fact that we do not read books, in addition, our children do not read either. Instead of stereotyped phrases, this week, we are looking at what female readers read and how they were approached in the past centuries.

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    Atomic rockets on standby: key figures and the most dangerous situations of the cold war

    In fact, several people were important characters in the cold war – President Truman, George Marshall and President Eisenhower -, but the real key figure and main character of this story is just one person: Nikita Khrushchev. The evolvement and aggravation of the cold war situation is owing to him mainly. On one hand, his reforms made the Soviet Union determinant economically and strategically, on the other hand, he hindered diplomatic relations with his unpredictable and labile mentality, forcing the leaders of the great Western powers to stand on the defensive.

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    Szolnok anno – history of Damjanich János Museum

    The building of the Damjanich János Museum of Szolnok is 160 years old this year, but besides this, it is also interesting because it is among the few buildings that preserved something from the heydays of the former plains town, thus safeguarding the past. This week, we are going to Szolnok.

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    Knightly armours, crowns, lions and naked swords: the origin of the theme world of blazons

    As of ancient times, members of human communities have aspired to show somehow their belonging to a relational, ethnic, religious group, or their status in the group. The appearance of blazons can be related mostly to the tradition of making personal emblems and seals, which goes back to the Bronze Age. Using a strategic identifier as a sign spread in the era of knights in the 12th century. In the beginning, it was necessary due to military technological reasons.

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Virtual exhibitions


Besides searching and browsing digitized cultural contents, visitors can view thematic virtual exhibitions from the records of MaNDA’s database, which are widened weekly. Our aim with the exhibitions is to introduce the cultural contents of the database in a new context, in a way that they would never be in the same virtual room otherwise, due to their spatial, legal or formal features. You can see our former exhibitions under this menu.

Establishment of Europeana


During the period of the Swedish EU presidency in April 2001 in Lund, representatives of the then 15 Member States formulated their demand that a breakthrough in the field of cultural digitisation was necessary. One of their most important issues was that a cooperative forum should be created in order to put cultural digitisation in the European dimension and the accessibility and visibility of the European digital cultural heritage must be promoted.