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    The Bulgarian community in Hungary

    Bulgarians are one of the thirteen officially recognized nationalities of Hungary. The Bulgarians living here are usually identified with the Bulgarian gardeners, although their traders were also well represented. Until the middle of the last century, a metropolitan market was almost unthinkable without the presence of Bulgarian gardeners. In fact, they revolutionized our horticulture by laying the foundation stones for modern vegetable growing. This week, we pay tribute to the Bulgarian community living in Hungary.

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    Historical guided tour in the „Most Beautiful Café of the World”

    Despite experiencing many ages and historical changes, the New York Café, which dates back more than 125 years, awaits its guests with unbroken enthusiasm even today. Its popularity and beauty is evidenced by the fact that in 2011 it was elected the most beautiful café in the world, and in 2013 the hotel won the Hotel of the Year award. In our review, you can read the history of the café, the legends associated with it, and it also sheds light on what the “dog tongue” might be.

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    Something that will never be the same again: our social contacts from handshakes to kisses

    Where is the Brezhnev kiss, the Brezhnev triple that is the kiss on the two faces and a kiss on the lips? The most important rule of our days in terms of our social contacts is to avoid the usual forms of greeting, such as handshakes and kisses. Naturally, we don’t have to be rude; we simply greet our acquaintances not seen for a long time in a different way. We’re going to do a little etiquette detour this week.

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    G. B. Göz and engravings of Hungarian saints in Augsburg

    One of the most significant fortresses of engraving publication in Central Europe in the 18th century was Augsburg, so it is no wonder that many graphic magazines depicting Hungarian saints were also published here. Several family copper-engraving dynasties (Kilian, Küsel, Rugendas, Heiss, Klauber) were established in the city, who developed their techniques and enriched the form treasure of art through generations. But the demand in engravings may have turned even so famous mural- and oil picture painters towards the reproduced graphic process as e.g. Gottfried Bernhard Göz. In addition to the artist's engravings in the Piarist Museum, our virtual exhibition also presents sacred pictures of Hungarian saints engraved by the Augsburg masters working with him.

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    The heyday of drugstores in Budapest

    Cologne, lady's powder, moustache twirler, these are just some of the popular products that residents of Budapest could find on the shelves of drugstores. The store of the Neruda family served the demands of people of the capital for three generations. This week, you can get a glimpse into another exciting slice of trade history, the world of druggists.

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Virtual exhibitions


Besides searching and browsing digitized cultural contents, visitors can view thematic virtual exhibitions from the records of MaNDA’s database, which are widened weekly. Our aim with the exhibitions is to introduce the cultural contents of the database in a new context, in a way that they would never be in the same virtual room otherwise, due to their spatial, legal or formal features. You can see our former exhibitions under this menu.

Establishment of Europeana


During the period of the Swedish EU presidency in April 2001 in Lund, representatives of the then 15 Member States formulated their demand that a breakthrough in the field of cultural digitisation was necessary. One of their most important issues was that a cooperative forum should be created in order to put cultural digitisation in the European dimension and the accessibility and visibility of the European digital cultural heritage must be promoted.