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    Cars in the socialist block

    The Lada VAZ 2101 and VAZ 2103, whose everyday nicknames were „Zsiga 1200” (or Zsiguli) and „ezeröcsi”, were the favourite cars in Hungary for almost two decades. While propaganda films of the ’50s projected the vision of a limitless development of the communist block with gas-turbine powered cars, computer controlled or nuclear powered smart cars; in reality having a car (as a symbol of non-existent liberty) remained an unreachable dream for an average citizen.

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    A sound mind in a sound body

    Physical education – the expression supposes a noble and elevating activity, but we might not be wrong saying that it recalls the torture of rope-climbing or the memory of running around breathlessly in many people. Some people would rather forget about the experience of physical education at school, though nobody questions the importance of a regular exercise. This week, we are reviewing the reasons why the P.E. lesson was born.

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    Saint Stephen and his royal laws

    The speciality of Saint Stephen’s First Book of Laws is that during the creation of these laws, he wanted to achieve a close conformity between the laws and the Christian doctrines. It seems that an increasingly humane, kind-hearted approach towards criminals prevails in them, but besides that very strict religious punishments (for example penitence and fasting) were often ordained against recusants, aiming re-education.

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    Round tour in the look-out tower history

    Conquering mountains might be some primal instinct; otherwise it would not be so desirable to get higher and higher towards the unknown. Perhaps there are more pragmatic reasons for the upward aspiration, but the point is that those who conquer the top own the breathtaking view. You can read about the history of look-out towers this week. 

  • Érték vagy sallang

    Values or frills?

    Complaints often emerge against artistic works, like “it is nice and good, but could not its cost be spent on something else, something more useful?”. The question arose also in the second half of the 19th century, related to memorial medallions that represent rather high artistic values and rarity, among the Hungarian Doctors and Nature Scientists’ Society. This time, our virtual exhibition will introduce the memorial medals of roaming assemblies and a reward medal – issued by the Society – that you can find in the collection of the Piarist Museum.

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Virtual exhibitions


Besides searching and browsing digitized cultural contents, visitors can view thematic virtual exhibitions from the records of MaNDA’s database, which are widened weekly. Our aim with the exhibitions is to introduce the cultural contents of the database in a new context, in a way that they would never be in the same virtual room otherwise, due to their spatial, legal or formal features. You can see our former exhibitions under this menu.

Establishment of Europeana


During the period of the Swedish EU presidency in April 2001 in Lund, representatives of the then 15 Member States formulated their demand that a breakthrough in the field of cultural digitisation was necessary. One of their most important issues was that a cooperative forum should be created in order to put cultural digitisation in the European dimension and the accessibility and visibility of the European digital cultural heritage must be promoted.